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| Last Updated:: 13/04/2017

Wildlife

Sikkim State Symbols

Sikkim State Symbols

 

Latest News on Wildlife

» Human Wildlife Conflict in Sikkim

» State-wide estimation of Widlife Population underway in Sikkim

» Widlife Week (Oct 2-8, 2016) Celebrated

» Khangchendzonga National Park inscribed into the UNESCo's World Heritage Site
» Guidelines for Dispensing Compensation for Life, Property Losses during Human Wildlife Conflict - Sikkim  pdf

» Management Plan of Khangchendzonga National Park (Updated 2014) 

» Declaration of Eco-Sensitive Zones in Sikkim

 

 

Protected Areas

India has at present four categories of protected area (PAs), these are National ParksSanctuariesConservation Reserves and Community Reserves which are provided legal sanctity by the Wildlife (Protection) Act 1972. However, there are six categories specified by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) and different countries have different categories of PAs as per their requirements and norms laid by their Governments.

Current Figure of Protected Areas in India (January 2017)

PA Category Nos Area (in sq.km) % Coverage
National Parks 103 40,500.13 1.23
Wildlife Sanctuaries 537 1,18,005.33 3.59
Conservation Reserves 67 2349.38 0.07
Community Reserves 26 46.93 0.001
Total Protected Areas 733 1,60,896.51 4.88

Geographical Area of India = 32,87,590 km2

 

India has a network of 730 Protected Areas extending over 1,60,896.51 km2 (4.88 % of total geographic area), comprising 103 National Parks, 535 Wildlife Sanctuaries, 66 Conservation Reserves and 26 Community Reserves.  UNESCO has designated 6 Protected Areas as World Heritage Sites. Read More on WII ENVIS Website

 

Source: WII, Dehradun


Click on the Map to view


Wildlife Protected Areas of Sikkim

In Sikkim we have, presently, 9 Protected Areas which comprises of 1 National Park, 7 Wildlife Sanctuaries and 1 conservation Reserve that covers 30.77 per cent of the total geographical area of the state.

SN Name Area (sq. km) District Bio-geographic Province Altitude (m) Notification No. & Date Co-ordinates
Long (East) Lat (North) 
  National Park
1

Khangchendzonga National Park

(World Heritage Site - declared on 17/07/2016)

1784.00 North/ West 1 B & 2 C 1400 - 8585 95/KNP dt: 26.08.07 88º 03' to 88º 39' 27º 27' to 27º 53'
  Wildlife Sanctuaries
1 Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary 104.00 West 2 C 2110 - 4100 50/WL/F/95/269/F & WL dt: 08.06.96 88º 02' to 88 11' 27º 10' to 27 13'
2 Fambonglho Wildlife Sanctuary 51.76 East 2 C 1524 - 2749 34/WL/82 dt: 02.04.84 88º 29' to 88º 35' 27º 10' to 27º 23'
3 Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary 31.00 East 2 C 3292 - 4116 45/WL/83/625 dt: 29.08.84 Extended vide 45/WL/F/92/1585/F & WL dt: 05.12.1992 88º 44' to 88º 45' 27º 22' to 27º 24'
4 Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary 35.34 South 2 C 2000 - 3263 63/WL//F/86 dt: 09.03.87 88º 21' to 88º 25' 27º 21' to 27º 25'
5 Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary 128.00 East 2 C 1760 - 4390 26/WL/F/89 dt: 07.11.00 88º 35' to 88º 51' 27º 09' to 27º 22'
6 Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary 43.00 North 2 C 3048 - 4575 46/WL/F/92/1585/F&WL dt: 05.12.92 88º 43' to 88º 46' 27 43' to 27 48'
7 Kitam Bird Sanctuary 6.00  South   320 - 875 39/FEWM/2005 dt: 03.02.05 88º 20' to 88º 22' 27º 06' to 27º 07
  Conservation Reserve
1 Sling Dong Fairrieanum
Orchid Conservation
Reserve
0.60  South      Not. No. 24/CWLW/GOS/
FEWMD/308/WLC/08 dated
05-11-2008
   
  Total area (A) 2183.70   - - - - -
  KNP Buffer zone 836.00 North/ West - - - - -
  Khangchendzonga Biosphere Reserve (KNP+Buffer =1784+836) 2620.00 North/ West 1 B & 2 C 2725 - 5537 1/KNP/WL/27 dt: 17.05.1997 88º 27' to 88º 33' 27º 33' to 27º 40'
  Total Geographic area ( Sikkim) 7096.00 - - - - - -
Note:
1. Protected Area Network does not include area under buffer zone of a biosphere reserve
2. Total area under administration by Forests, Environment & Wildlife Management Department
(RF i/c PAs) + Khasmals + Gaucharan =5452+285+104=5841 Sq km)
3. Territorial Sector [RF + Khasmals + Gaucharan = 3268.90 + 285 +104 = 3657.90 Sq. km] i.e. 51.55% of State's Geographical area
4. Wildlife Sector [KNP + Sanctuaries + Conservation Reserve = 2183.70 Sq. km] i.e. 30.77 % of State's Geographical Area.


Declaration of Eco-Sensitive Zones in Sikkim new

 

In order to conserve and protect the area around the Protected Areas of the State, and to propagate the improvement and development of the wildlife therein and to prohibit industries, operations or processes around the boundary of 8 PAs of the State, the Central Government in consultation with Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) has declared certain areas around the 8 PAs of the State as Eco-Sensitives zones through Notification mentioned below; 

  

  1. Notification# S. O. 2166 dated 27th August 2014, notifies an area up to 200 meters around the boundary of the Khangchendzonga National Park as the Eco-sensitive Zone. The draft of the Notification was published on 3rd February 2014.

  2. Notification# S. O. 2167 dated 27th August 2014, notifies an area up to 25 meters around the boundary of the Kitam Bird Sanctuary as the Eco-sensitive Zone. The draft of the Notification was published on 25th February 2014.

  3. Notification# S. O. 2168 dated 27th August 2014, notifies an area up to 200 meters around the boundary of the Kyongnosla Alpine Sanctuary as the Eco-sensitive Zone. The draft of the Notification was published on 4th February 2014.

  4. Notification# S. O. 2169 dated 27th August 2014, notifies an area up to 50 meters around the boundary of the Shingba Rhododendron Sanctuary as the Eco-sensitive Zone. The draft of the Notification was published on 6th February 2014.

  5. Notification# S. O. 2170 dated 27th August 2014, notifies an area up to 50 meters around the boundary of the Maenam Wildlife Sanctuary as the Eco-sensitive Zone. The draft of the Notification was published on 25th February 2014.

  6. Notification# S. O. 2171 dated 27th August 2014, notifies an area up to 25 meters around the boundary of the Fambonglho Wildlife Sanctuary as the Eco-sensitive Zone. The draft of the Notification was published on 4th February 2014.

  7. Notification# S. O. 2172 dated 27th August 2014, notifies an area up to 50 meters around the boundary of the Barsey Rhododendron Sanctuary as the Eco-sensitive Zone. The draft of the Notification was published on 25th February 2014.

  8. Notification# S. O. 2173 dated 27th August 2014, notifies an area up to 50 meters around the boundary of the Pangolakha Wildlife Sanctuary as the Eco-sensitive Zone. The draft of the Notification was published on 6th February 2014.

 



Conservation Zones



Prespective Management Strategies of WPAs of Sikkim 

The term wildlife encompasses all uncultivated flora and undomesticated fauna. Every species has the right to live and every threatened species must be protected to prevent extinction. Water, wilderness and wildlife are irrevocably interlinked. With mounting industrial and demographic pressures, wilderness areas, which are the richest repositories of wildlife and biodiversity have either shrunk or disappeared their continued existence is crucial for the long term survival of the biodiversity and the ecosystems supporting them. Effective ecosystem conservation is the foundation of long-term ecological and economic stability. Conservation of biodiversity is directly linked with conservation of ecosystems and thus with water and food security. Habitat loss caused by developmental infrastructural developmental projects for short term economic gains undermining ecological security. Read More


Sikkim Himalayan Zoological Park

Situated in the magnificence of Gangtok’s picturesque hill crest, Bulbulay, at altitudes ranging between 6,545-8,152 feet, the Himalayan Zoological Park sprawls over the expanse of a lush virgin forest reserve with an impressive total area of 230 hectares overlooking the majestic beauty of the Khangchendzonga range. It’s varied terrain ranging from steep rocky surfaces to gentle grassy slopes complemented by varying types of foliage offers congenial natural surroundings for many of Sikkim’s indigenous species, hence providing a comfortable and close to nature environment for the inmates to stay immersed in the wild.

Read more on http://gangtokzoo.org

 


Read more about Khangchendzonga National Park  http://www.knpsikkim.in